Buenos dias! Today, in this article, we would like to discover the social problems that often occur in Mexico. Before we proceed to the main points, it is much better for us to know first the background of the country of Mexico. Mexico is also recognized with its official name, United Mexican States. The type of government that rules Mexican society is the Republic of Federated States. Mexico, a country that is located in southern North America and it ranks as the third biggest country in Latin America, after Brazil and Argentina. The population that lives in Mexico is approximately 125, 959, 205 people. Unfortunately, similar to another social system in any country, the society that lives in Mexico is defined and characterized by certain indicators. The indicators that characterise them are wealth, poverty and social classes. Sometimes, these indicators could be the hints of roots about emerging issues among society. The issues that occur in Mexican society are definitely at an alarming rate and catch the attention of media and law practitioners, journalists, and the public. Thus, we are interested in finding out the types of social problems that happen in this country that leave a big impact on the society and reputation of the country.
1. Insecurity, Crime and Drug Trafficking
3 years ago, in 2019, the Statista carried out the survey to analyse the most important problems affecting Mexico according to the opinion of leaders and journalists. 55% leaders and journalists gave their standpoints that insecurity, crime and drug trafficking was the most vital issue that was concerning and alarming among Mexican society. This social problem continuously affects the wellbeing and advancement of certain Mexican society to thrive and step out from drug abuse. It is obvious that drugs are the biggest enemy for anyone regardless of age, religion and social status. The talents of potential youth could not be developed and nurtured if drugs influence their mind and sanity. Other than that, several groups of people would be proud and find that involving in crimes, for instance, selling drugs and pills would make a living for them and the family.
Did you know that most of the adult population in Mexico do not feel safe in the place that they live? Unfortunately, this is the life that they live in reality. A reliable survey depicts insecurity among adults in Mexico in percentage and the percentage is too high. According to the Statista, in March until April 2022, 75.9% of the adult people in Mexico feel threatened in the federal entity or state where they inhabit. It is deeply heart-breaking to know that if the adults do not even feel safe, the children would be more scared to play around with friends with a carefree feeling.
Similar to the most common problem that is faced by any country in the world, the issue of corruption transcends the borders. Mexico is not excluded from experiencing this filthy moral declination. Even the latest NFT news in the NFT market witnesses the fraud activity! The statement is being confirmed with the survey from Statista. In 2019, Statista recorded that 25% of leaders and journalists gave their stance that corruption in Mexico is the second most important problem to overcome. In fact, the corruption issue in Mexico affects the bilateral diplomatic ties between Mexico and The United States. Corruption is a concerning challenge in Mexico that weakening the stability in politics, economic development, the enforcement of law, efforts to combat organized crime and the effectiveness of public services. This issue is a key contributor to the worse reputation of Mexico in the eyes of foreigners and even the Mexicans themselves. A Mexican politician, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, has emphasized on combating money laundering and his empowerment of Mexico’s Financial Intelligence Unit are positive developments to Mexican society and the country. However, political pressure has disrupted these initiatives.
3. Lack Of Economic Growth
Corruption issues and slow growth of the economy in Mexico have the correlation between each other. According to Transparency International, Mexico is among the most corrupt member nations of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Thus, promoting and ensuring economic development in Mexico becomes the major issue to be properly handled by the experts. It is because corruption is a major obstacle that becomes a hindrance to let the prosperity of the economy in Mexico happen and creates extreme inequality. Even without corruption, Mexico’s economy would be slowing down, but because of it, the nation is much less competitive on the world stage. Corruption coexists with other problems like weak institutions, inadequate infrastructure, insufficient education, and stagnant innovation. The majority of workers in Mexico are exploited and lacking in social protection and labour in the illegal economy. They are left in underemployment situations that result in poverty because they are unable to locate alternative employment opportunities.
4. Gender Violence Or Femicide
Femicide is defined as the unlawful taking of a female victim’s life for gender-based motives. Women’s and girls’ murders are included in statistics on femicide since they are seen to be gender-based crimes. In the 1990s, after more than 370 women and girls were killed in Ciudad Juárez, in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, it became a global symbol of gender-based violence. The first iteration of the AVGM (Alert Mechanism for Gender Violence against Women) was adopted in 2007. The AVGM requires local authorities to investigate the situation and take action to end gender-based violence by allowing individuals to request the declaration of a “gender alert” in municipalities where violence against women is on the rise. 25 AVGMs have been declared as of October 2021 in 22 of Mexico’s 32 states.
In conclusion, these social problems that occur in Mexican society do hinder the underprivileged from developing and prospering. Therefore, it is important to overcome these problems!